Madam Giang's shrine (Thuy Luong ward, Huong Thuy town)
Update3/18/2021 3:53:57 PM
Madam Giang's shrine
Madam Giang's shrine
Madam Giang's shrine (Thuy Luong ward, Huong Thuy town) was recognized as province-level relic on Decision No. 540/QD-UBND of the Chairman of the provincial People's Committee on March 11th, 2021.

 Located in Luong Van village, Madam Giang's shrine was constructed in the area of 5.497m2. It faces the south east and borders with Thai Vinh Chinh street. There used to be so many old trees and shrubs that local guerrilla dug bunkers around the shrine and secretly fought during the Resistance war against French colonialism and American imperialism.

Entering Madam Giang's shrine, visitors will observe the shrine's gate which was build in 2017 thanks to locals' contribution. About 20m away from the gate locates Madam Chuan De's shrine on the left. Keeping going for 30 meters, visitors then reach Madam Giang's shrine. Remaining traces show that the construction was constructed by Cham people. The shrine was later worshiped by Dai Viet people when they resided in this area. Over time, it was collapsed and then rebuilt by Vietnamese. It is the reason why sand stones, bricks and tiles made under Nguyen dynasty can be found. Today, the concrete structure is 11m wide and 19,7m long. It is divided into 3 parts. Firstly, it is Tu phu cong dong (the four palaces) altar where a cement horizontal lacquered board words "布依那廟” (Bo Y Na shrine) was hung. As told by elder villager, this board used to be hung in front of the shrine. It was not until 2017 when the shrine was repaired that it was placed on the four palaces altar. Behind the altar locates a space which is 7,6m wide and 8,17m long. It is the place where people prepared for offering ceremonies. Then, Madam Giang's shrine consists of front and back parts. The former is 3,2m wide and 2,9m long while the later is 3,2m wide and 6,7m long.

The shrine was built to worship goddess Thien Y A Na who was known as Madam Giang in Vietnamese. Similarly, God Shiva shrine was called Chuan De shrine by Vietnamese. Besides, an altar was placed in front of Madam Giang's shrine to worship the council, that is to say Tu phu cong dong, a part of Vietnamese mother Goddess worship. 

Madam Giang's shrine still preserves cultural layers showing acculturation, cultural communication and development in national cultural flow, especially Champa cultural relic.

According to Mr. Vo Khac Lai, the chief of Vo clan in Luong Van village, during his reign, Emperor Dong Khanh sent mandarins to hold an offering ceremony at Madam Giang's shrine every third day of the third lunar month. It was Vietnamese traditional conception "thang bay gio cha, thang ba gio me" (the month long death anniversary of the father (General Tran Hung Dao) in the eight lunar month and Mother (Princess Lieu Hanh) in the third lunar month) still maintained today.

Villagers worship and organize offering ceremony at not only Mada Giang's shrine, but also Madam Chuan De's shrine on the 16th day of the third lunar month. Madam Giang's statue and Shiva's relief are unique works valued in terms of history, culture and arts, showing high stone masonry technique.

Festivals and religious activities particularly, Vietnamese beliefs in the Mother Goddesses of Three Realms recognized by UNESCO in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity held at Madam Giang's shrine contribute to conserving, promoting cultural values and diversifying national culture.

Madam Giang's shrine was highly valued in terms of archeology. Archaeological excavations carried out at the relic will make important contribution to studying and proving hidden Champa cultural values in the province.

In addition to value in terms of culture, history, architecture and arts, Madam Giang's shrine records the fight of Huong Thuy town's people and soldiers during the resistance against French colonialism and American imperialism.
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